To encourage your son to sound out words he doesn’t know, help him build confidence blending and segmenting words. For example, you might start by having him listen to you stretch out the two-sound word “me” (e.g., m-ē). After you stretch the word, ask him to repeat the word back to you at normal speed (e.g., me). As your son becomes more confident blending words, try longer three- or four-sound words. You might also say the words at normal speed and ask him to take a turn stretching the words into individual sounds. Try incorporating silly words to keep the atmosphere light and pressure-free and the focus on having fun.