Just after their first birthday, most children have a vocabulary of 3-4 words, but it is important to remember that every child is different. Research shows that one of the best ways to help children learn new words is to narrate your daily activities. Describe what you are doing as you go about your chores and activities. Point to and label everyday objects and actions. Doing so will not only expose your son to new vocabulary, it teaches him that words are used to communicate needs, ideas and desires. Reading to your son will also expand his vocabulary. Look for books with eye-catching illustrations, and ask him to find and point to things in the pictures. Lastly, singing songs with actions such as “I’m a Little Teapot” and “Itsy Bitsy Spider” is a fun way to expose him to new words.
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